Threat Explorer

The Threat Explorer is a comprehensive resource consumers can turn to for daily, accurate, up-to-date information on the latest threats, risks and vulnerabilities.

VBS.Ednav.B@mm

VBS.Ednav.B@mm

Discovered:
16 September 2002
Updated:
13 February 2007
Also Known As:
VBS_Ednav.B[Trend], VBS_Ednav.C[Trend], VBS_Ednav.D[Trend]
Systems Affected:
Windows

VBS.Ednav.B@mm has several variants. They are all mass-mailing worms that use Microsoft Outlook to distribute copies of themselves to all contacts in the Microsoft Outlook Address Book. VBS.Ednav.B@mm may also spread through the KaZaA file-sharing network. The subject of the email is "Network Problem." The attachment name and length vary.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version 17 September 2002
  • Latest Rapid Release version 28 September 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version 17 September 2002
  • Latest Daily Certified version 28 September 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date 18 September 2002
Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

When VBS.Ednav.B@mm runs, it does the following:

It overwrites all .vbs files in all folders and subfolders if they have not already been infected by VBS.Ednav.B@mm. They are overwritten with pure viral body. Because the worm is polymorphic, the lengths of the infected files vary.

The worm adds the values

Dir2 012345:C:\%windir%\Samples\WSH
DisableSharing 0

to the registry key

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Kazaa\LocalContent

so that other KaZaA users may download files from this folder.

NOTE : %windir% is a variable. The worm locates the \Windows folder (by default this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and searches for the folder Samples\WSH in that location. If the C:\%windir%\Samples\WSH folder does not exist, or if there are no .vbs file in that folder, the worm cannot spread through KaZaA.

If the current system date is the 1st or 31st, the worm deletes all files in the folder C:\My Documents and its subfolders. It also displays these two messages:

Joke: Do not click the OK button or your My Documents files will get lost!

Serious: We have to laugh at our problems.

The worm uses Microsoft Outlook to send a copy of itself to all contacts in Outlook Address Book. The email has following characteristics,

Subject:  Network Problem
Message:
Due to the recent problems with the email server, we have devised a program that will fix it up.
You are requested to download the attached file and execute it at once. The whole setup will take 5 to 10 minutes. If your system crashes, just restart your computer and everything will be back to normal.

Please follow instructions carefully.

System Administrator
Network Management.

Attachment: The attachment name and length vary.

One variant also sends a copy of itself to the following email addresses:
  • info@mcafee.com
  • virus_research@nai.com
  • virus_doctor@trendmicro.com
  • support@support.trendmicro.com
  • av_query@trendmicro.com
  • samples@f-secure.com
  • anti-virus-support@f-secure.com
  • support@sophos.com
  • vsample@avertlabs.com

The email message has the following characteristics:

Subject:  Do not blame me.
Message:  Hello guys! what happenned? Do not blame me. I never executed this thing in the internet.

The worm may display a fake message to disguise itself; for example, some variants display this message:



One variant creates a shortcut to C:\%windir%\Notepad.exe on the current user's desktop.

If the current system day is the 29th, 30th, or 31st, one variant deletes the registry key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion

If the current system day is the 1st, or 2nd, this variant deletes the registry key

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

NOTE: These instructions are for all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.
  1. Update the virus definitions.
  2. Run a full system scan, and delete all files that are detected as VBS.Ednav.B@mm.

For details on how to do this, read the following instructions.

To update the virus definitions:
There are two ways to obtain the most recent virus definitions:
  • Run LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions. These virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response and are posted to the LiveUpdate servers one time each week (usually Wednesdays) unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, look at the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate) line at the top of this write-up.
  • Download the definitions using the Intelligent Updater. Intelligent Updater virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response. They are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). They must be downloaded from the Symantec Security Response Web site and installed manually. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, look at the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater) line at the top of this write-up.

    Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.
To scan for and delete the infected files:
  1. Start your Symantec antivirus program, and make sure that it is configured to scan all files.
  2. Run a full system scan.
  3. If any files are detected as infected with VBS.Ednav.B@mm, click Delete. Files that were overwritten must be replaced from a clean backup.


Writeup By: Yana Liu