Threat Explorer

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VBS.Neiber.A@mm

VBS.Neiber.A@mm

Discovered:
07 August 2002
Updated:
13 February 2007
Also Known As:
VBA_NEIBER.A [Trend]
Systems Affected:
Windows

VBS.Neiber.A@mm is a mass-mailing worm that sends itself to all addresses in the Microsoft Outlook Address Book.

The subject of the email is: Attention virus
There is no attachment. The worm is contained within the HTML body of the email message.

The worm overwrites all .vbs, and .vbe files with itself and attempts to crash the computer by continuously opening instances of Notepad.

Antivirus Protection Dates

  • Initial Rapid Release version 08 August 2002
  • Latest Rapid Release version 28 September 2010 revision 054
  • Initial Daily Certified version 08 August 2002
  • Latest Daily Certified version 28 September 2010 revision 036
  • Initial Weekly Certified release date 14 August 2002
Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.

When an email containing VBS.Neiber.A@mm is received, the viral HTML body creates and executes the file %windir%\Bernie.vbs. This file contains the worm.

NOTE: %windir% is a variable. The worm locates the Windows main installation folder (by default this is C:\Windows or C:\Winnt) and copies itself to that location.

Upon execution of Bernie.vbs, VBS.Neiber.A@mm does the following:

It copy itself to %system%\Bernie.vbs,

so that it runs when you start Windows. It adds the value

Bernie wscript.exe %system%\Bernie.vbs

NOTE: %system% is a variable. The worm locates the System folder. By default this is C:\Windows\System (Windows 95/98/Me), C:\Winnt\System32 (Windows NT/2000), or C:\Windows\System32 (Windows XP), and copies itself to that location.

to the registry key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run

Next, it checks if the value mailed equals 1 under the registry key

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\software\Bernie

If this value is not 1 then it send itself to all addresses in the Microsoft Outlook Address Book. Each address will be added to the BCC field of the email message. The email message has the following characteristics:

Subject: Attention virus
Message Body: The message body appears to be blank, but it contains the HTML source of the worm.
Attachment: There is no attachment. The worm is contained within the HTML body of the email message.

After sending the email, the worm searches local and mapped drives for files that have .vbs or .vbe extensions, and overwrite these files with the worm itself.

Finally, the worm open numerous copies of Notepad until the computer crashes.

Recommendations

Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":

  • Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
  • Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
  • Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
  • Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
  • Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
  • Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
  • If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
  • Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
  • Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
  • Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
  • Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
  • If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
  • For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.

NOTE: These instructions are for all current and recent Symantec antivirus products, including the Symantec AntiVirus and Norton AntiVirus product lines.
  1. Update the virus definitions, run a full system scan, and delete all files that are detected as VBS.Neiber.A@mm.
  2. Delete the value

    Bernie wscript.exe %system%\Bernie.vbs

    from the registry key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
For details on how to do this, read the following instructions.

To scan for and delete the infected files:
  1. Obtain the most recent virus definitions. There are two ways to do this:
    • Run LiveUpdate, which is the easiest way to obtain virus definitions. These virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response and are posted to the LiveUpdate servers one time each week (usually Wednesdays) unless there is a major virus outbreak. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by LiveUpdate, look at the Virus Definitions (LiveUpdate) line at the top of this write-up.
    • Download the definitions using the Intelligent Updater. Intelligent Updater virus definitions have undergone full quality assurance testing by Symantec Security Response. They are posted on U.S. business days (Monday through Friday). They must be downloaded from the Symantec Security Response Web site and installed manually. To determine whether definitions for this threat are available by the Intelligent Updater, look at the Virus Definitions (Intelligent Updater) line at the top of this write-up.

      Intelligent Updater virus definitions are available here. For detailed instructions on how to download and install the Intelligent Updater virus definitions from the Symantec Security Response Web site, click here.
  2. Start your Symantec antivirus program, and ensure that it is configured to scan all files.
  3. Run a full system scan.
  4. If any files are detected as infected by VBS.Neiber.A@mm, click Delete.


To remove the value from the registry:

CAUTION : Symantec strongly recommends that you back up the registry before you make any changes to it. Incorrect changes to the registry can result in permanent data loss or corrupted files. Modify only the keys that are specified. Read the document How to make a backup of the Windows registry for instructions.
  1. Click Start, and click Run. The Run dialog box appears.
  2. Type regedit and then click OK. The Registry Editor opens.
  3. Navigate to the key

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
  4. In the right pane, delete the value

    Bernie wscript.exe %system%\Bernie.vbs
  5. Exit the Registry Editor.

Writeup By: Douglas Knowles