- 20 December 2001
- 13 February 2007
VBS.Mraz@mm is a Visual Basic Script (VBS) worm that sends itself as an attachment to all addresses in the Microsoft Outlook address book. The subject of the email message is "Disgusting Santa Claus" or, if any of the recipients has an email address ending in .sk or .cz, the subject is "Nechutný dedo Mráz."
The Czech/Slovak subject and message translate to the same as the English.
Antivirus Protection Dates
- Initial Rapid Release version 21 December 2001
- Latest Rapid Release version 28 September 2010 revision 054
- Initial Daily Certified version 21 December 2001
- Latest Daily Certified version 28 September 2010 revision 036
- Initial Weekly Certified release date pending
Click here for a more detailed description of Rapid Release and Daily Certified virus definitions.
When the worm runs, it displays this message:
It then emails itself as an attachment to all addresses in Microsoft Outlook address book. It also searches for temporary Internet files, and it attempts to extract email addresses from "mailto:" tags. If it is successful, it sends itself to those addresses, as well.
The email has the following characteristics:
- If none of the email messages is sent to an address ending in .sz (Slovak Republic) or .cz (Czech Republic)
Subject: Disgusting Santa Claus
Message: Would you like to know what's doing Santa Claus during his free time?
- If at least one of the email messages is sent to an address ending in .sz (Slovak Republic) or .cz (Czech Republic)
Subject: Nechutný dedo Mráz
Message: Chcete vedie èo robí dedo Mráz vo svojom vo¾nom èase?
Symantec Security Response encourages all users and administrators to adhere to the following basic security "best practices":
- Use a firewall to block all incoming connections from the Internet to services that should not be publicly available. By default, you should deny all incoming connections and only allow services you explicitly want to offer to the outside world.
- Enforce a password policy. Complex passwords make it difficult to crack password files on compromised computers. This helps to prevent or limit damage when a computer is compromised.
- Ensure that programs and users of the computer use the lowest level of privileges necessary to complete a task. When prompted for a root or UAC password, ensure that the program asking for administration-level access is a legitimate application.
- Disable AutoPlay to prevent the automatic launching of executable files on network and removable drives, and disconnect the drives when not required. If write access is not required, enable read-only mode if the option is available.
- Turn off file sharing if not needed. If file sharing is required, use ACLs and password protection to limit access. Disable anonymous access to shared folders. Grant access only to user accounts with strong passwords to folders that must be shared.
- Turn off and remove unnecessary services. By default, many operating systems install auxiliary services that are not critical. These services are avenues of attack. If they are removed, threats have less avenues of attack.
- If a threat exploits one or more network services, disable, or block access to, those services until a patch is applied.
- Always keep your patch levels up-to-date, especially on computers that host public services and are accessible through the firewall, such as HTTP, FTP, mail, and DNS services.
- Configure your email server to block or remove email that contains file attachments that are commonly used to spread threats, such as .vbs, .bat, .exe, .pif and .scr files.
- Isolate compromised computers quickly to prevent threats from spreading further. Perform a forensic analysis and restore the computers using trusted media.
- Train employees not to open attachments unless they are expecting them. Also, do not execute software that is downloaded from the Internet unless it has been scanned for viruses. Simply visiting a compromised Web site can cause infection if certain browser vulnerabilities are not patched.
- If Bluetooth is not required for mobile devices, it should be turned off. If you require its use, ensure that the device's visibility is set to "Hidden" so that it cannot be scanned by other Bluetooth devices. If device pairing must be used, ensure that all devices are set to "Unauthorized", requiring authorization for each connection request. Do not accept applications that are unsigned or sent from unknown sources.
- For further information on the terms used in this document, please refer to the Security Response glossary.
Run LiveUpdate to make sure that you have the most recent virus definitions.
- Start Norton AntiVirus (NAV), and make sure that NAV is configured to scan all files. For instructions on how to do this, read the document How to configure Norton AntiVirus to scan all files.
- Run a full system scan.
- Delete all files that are detected as VBS.Mraz@mm.